Area E is concerned with the processing of ancient ideas of space, spatial orders and spatial thinking in later cultures until the present day. It is interested in the tradition and history of the respective ideas, but also tries to assess their applicability to concerns and discussions of our time. Area E is directly interrelated with all other areas, insofar as it deals with the later tradition of such topics that the other areas discuss with respect to ancient cultures. The area is also the place where various cross-sectional groups are situated and where the more general results from the individual projects of the cluster are discussed. The area includes four main branches.