Vladimir Stolba studied Ancient History and Classical Archaeology at St. Petersburg University. He earned his PhD from the Russian Academy of Sciences and his Dr.phil. (Habilitation) from Aarhus University. He was awarded the Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship and was a senior fellow at the Danish Institute for Advanced Studies in Copenhagen. Since 2009, he has been Fellow of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences.

His main fields of research have been monetary history and finances of the Greco-Roman world, landscape and settlement archaeology, ancient economy and agriculture, multicultural encounters and burial rites, as well as environmental archaeology and paleoclimate.