Kathryn recently began a COFUND research fellowship (funded by the Marie Curie Action COFUND, PCOFUND-GA-2010-267228) in affiliation with the Dahlem Research School, TOPOI and the Institute of Ancient Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations. We invite you to explore Kathryn Piquette’s research project:
“A Comparative Study of Scribal and Artistic Spaces in Early Egypt and the Ancient Near East: Integrating micro- and macro-scale analyses.”
Previous research on this material often prioritises semiotic and other symbolic meanings as well as institutional-level explanations which focus on the economic, political and ideological requirements of an increasingly centralised administration. Kathryn’s research takes a different yet complementary bottom-up approach, emphasising micro-scale evidence for imagery as part of material practice.
During several museum research visits and field work, Kathryn will be documenting 100 objects including portable artefacts such as cylinder seals, impressed sealings, cuneiform tablets, labels, as well as fixed image-bearing surfaces from stelae and tomb relief to rock art.
An innovative and essential element of Kathryn’s focus on the material practice of early scribes is the use of the advanced digital technology Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI). RTI is a computational photographic method that captures a subject’s surface shape and colour and enables the interactive re-lighting of the surface from any direction.
RTI also permits the mathematical enhancement of the artefact’s surface morphology and colour attributes. The enhancement functions of RTI reveal surface information that may not always be visible during first-hand examination.
Through an analysis of physical and technical features, her research aims to investigate the relationships between material type, methods and techniques of inscription/surface elaboration, possible tool choice, features of image composition and appearance — as well as to consider their possible impact on subsequent acts of perception and use. Archaeological data associated with these graphical spaces, including broader spatial and temporal information will also be compared and contrasted to understand how material choice impacted on form, function and meaning.
By charting similarities and differences between the evidence from early Egypt and southern Mesopotamia, the research aims to elucidate the relationship between the material visualisation of cultural knowledge at local and regional levels, and larger-scale processes of “state emergence’.
Further information / link suggestion
- Kathryn Piquette’s Blog: Documenting and Researching Cultural Heritage with the Aid of Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) –> http://kathrynpiquette.blogspot.de/
- More about Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) –> culturalheritageimaging.org
* Top (& preview picture): Clay tablet inscribed using the proto-cuneiform script. Uruk IV (c.3350-3200 BCE). Museum of the Ancient Near East, Berlin. Photograph courtesy Museum of the Ancient Near East (VAM / Staatliche Museen zu Berlin) and CDLI
–> Find this cuneiform in the CDLI Library HERE
* Middle: Kathryn undertaking Highlight Reflectance Transformation Imaging (H-RTI) of inscribed artefacts in the Egyptian Museum and Papyrus Collection / Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. Photograph courtesy Hembo Pagi
* Bottom: Ivory funerary label inscribed with early Egyptian hieroglyphs. 1st Dynasty (c.2900BCE). British Museum. Photograph Kathryn Piquette courtesy Trustees of the British Museum