Maps are omnipresent in contemporary papers on historical migrations. There is scarcely any other type of event that seems better suited for cartographic representation. It could therefore be expected that maps also played a central role in ancient representations of migrations. Sources from the field of ancient Oriental studies in the 19th and early 20th centuries, however, suggest that this is not entirely the case and that the relationship between cartography and the historiography of migration is much more complex. The discussion has two major focuses: first, the cartographic possibilities to represent migrations and, second, the relationship between maps and texts/ narratives.