Susan La Niece, "Sand casting in the Islamic World", in: Barbara Armbruster, Heidemarie Eilbracht, Oliver Hahn and Orsolya Heinrich-Tamáska (Eds.), Verborgenes Wissen. Innovation und Transformation feinschmiedetechnischer Entwicklungen im diachronen Vergleich, Berlin: Edition Topoi, 2016, 263–276
Sand casting leaves little evidence compared to other casting mould materials. Archaeological discoveries of sand casting flasks in the Islamic world date the method to at least as early as the 11th century AD. The history of sand casting in China and Europe is also considered.