Martin Thiering, Spatial Semiotics and Spatial Mental Models. Figure-Ground Asymmetries in Language, Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter, 2015


This research addresses questions of universality and culture-dependence of spatial thinking in societies that codify spatial knowledge almost exclusively by means of spoken language and joint action. The book explores spatial language and spatial cognition with respect to the degree to which environmental experience and spatial orientation is reflected in semiotic systems. Data is presented showing the constructive process of figure-ground asymmetries upon shaping of spatial categorization. For large-scale orientation any kinds of landmarks on land and on sea are used as proximate course-maintaining devices for orientation.