The beginning of the Neolithic way of life in the Aegean has been considered since the early 1980ies as the result of human migration or even direct colonisation from Anatolia. Yet the concepts of “Migration” and “Colonisation” have not been adequately defined – the implicit assumption of a targeted and large-scale movement not thoroughly discussed. Additionally, the concept of the “Neolithic Package” was prominently involved in the discussion. Its supposedly sudden appearance served for explaining the onset of the producing economy with all its entanglements. Yet, in the Aegean the so-called “Package” appears completely formed not at the beginning but only at the end of the 500-600 years long process called Neolithisation. With the discovery of new Mesolithic sites throughout the Aegean must the narrative of a swift colonisation of an empty or merely marginally inhabited space be re-considered and the role of mobile communities at the transition from the Mesolithic to the Neolithic re-defined. Importantly, patterns of movements during the Early Neolithic can now be better described.