The City as Site of Discourse
As manifested in both architecture and surviving texts, the example of these three cities clearly shows that the material dimension of space and the social interactions – human thought and activity – within this space exert a mutual influence on each other and make reference to each other in terms of this reciprocity. Mechanisms of personal and institutional interaction, as well as the attribution of concrete meanings to specific locations, are researched in detail on the basis of surviving texts and archaeological findings. The methodological principles applied in the project include the concept of field theory advanced by Pierre Bourdieu and the formulation of constellation analysis developed by Dieter Henrich and Martin Mulsow. The comparatively large number of literary testimonies, inscriptions and archaeological findings allows us to draw up a fairly detailed description of the constellations of individuals, documents and buildings in the three cities and to draw conclusions about the genesis of political, religious and philosophical positions held by those individuals and represented in the texts – positions which have since become relevant in the history of the ideas. The goal of the project is, through textual analysis and networking with problems and theoretical concepts from archaeology and social and religious history, to expose the dynamics of the intellectual and political discourse in metropolitan Rome, Milan, and Antioch at the turn of the 4th and 5th centuries.