Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or “drones”, are rapidly becoming an important tool for site monitoring, landscape mapping, and archaeological documentation. Drones can be deployed in remote locations, can operate in a wide range of conditions, and can provide higher resolution imagery than satellite images or traditional aerial photography. UAVs can be used to produce high-resolution 3d models for documenting diachronic landscape change as well as visualizing subtle landscape features. This is especially useful for documenting looting and site damage. In this paper I will discuss the benefits and drawbacks of using drones, photogrammetry, and hyperspectral imagery, and describe results from drone-based archaeological surveys in Israel, Jordan, and Qatar.