Plato famously thought that knowledge was only of non-perceptible forms, which do not have bodies and are not anywhere. About perceptible things, which have bodies and are somewhere, we can have only beliefs. Yet Plato also obviously thought that our knowledge of forms would improve our cognitive grasp of perceptible things. The project explored this connection.
The research group examined basic questions about the nature of space, spatial objects and their relations that were raised in ancient philosophy, physics, mathematics, and applied sciences such as mechanics. AT A GLANCE 8 Researchers 4 Research Projects 1 Dissertation Project 20 Publications 4 Events 3 Cooperating partners The group analyzed the fundamental concepts of […]
This research project studied prehispanic codices and early colonial map-like documents from Mesoamerica. It shows the changes the representations underwent after contact with the Spaniards. The Prehispanic documents, known as Codices, reflect a distinctive perception by means of a graphical representation system that distinguishes them from the “lienzos” and “mapas” (maps) produced in the course of the Spanish colonization. The study examined the ‘mapped worlds’ in the the ‘art of mapping’ in Mesoamerica and compares the visualization and organization of space in the pictorial documents before and after the Spanish Conquest.
The goal of this project was to investigate on the one hand the diachronic development of the concept of island, or rather, insularity, through a philological examination of the literary sources, and on the other hand to reconstruct the role this concept played in the context of Greek and Roman thought.
This interdisciplinary research project aimed at linking cutting-edge research in cognitive linguistics with studies in ancient geography. Cognitive linguistic approaches usually deal with synchronic processes, whereas the study of ancient texts necessarily implies the adoption of a diachronic perspective. The combination of these two methods allowed to gain a unique insight into the conceptualization of spatial categories in the ancient world.
This project has investigated spaces of action in ancient Greek and Roman fictional art, both in literature and in visual representations. Space found as a place of imagined action contributes both to fictionalization and to the construction of how space is perceived and presented in many ways, ranging from almost complete disappearance to personalized presence.
This research project analysed connections between illuminated manuscripts and real, pictorial, imagined and metaphorical spaces. These connections include pictorial construction and visual perception of space in book illumination, the book itself as a spatial construct, and the way in which books as objects determine the perception of their surroundings, influencing the actions of those who handle and employ them.
Johanna Fabricius aimed in this research project at developing an explanatory model for the representations of spatial objects and perspectival configurations within complex two-dimensional compositions in Greek and Roman pictorial art, i.e. vase paintings, mosaics, wall paintings, and reliefs.
Thanasis Georgakopoulos investigated the different meanings associated with body part lexemes in Ancient Greek and Latin and analysed the underlying motivations for the observed associations. Greek and Roman art was taken into account for certain semantic connections in the semantic domain of body parts.
In textual and visual narratives space is often used to create a story or to convey a meaning. The art of the Middle and Neo-Assyrian Empire (ca. 1300-612 BC) offers an interesting case for studying the use of space in pictorial narratives as a firm element of the political propaganda. Hence, the aim of this research project was not to analyze space as an abstract compositional element of visual representations but as narrative element related to royal discourses and historical events.
The goal of the research group was to apply a diachronic perspective and a comparative-culture approach to the study of the construction of space through pictures. AT A GLANCE 12 Researchers 5 Research Projects 2 Dissertation Projects 28 Publications 6 Events 5 Cooperating partners The group began with the fundamental questions under what historical conditions […]