This project focused on the cultural, economic and social role of iron in the ancient Near East during the Late Bronze Age, with particular attention paid to the evidence from the Hittite Anatolia.
The spread of technical innovations such as iron smelting required the availability of natural resources, first of all iron ores, and manual skills along with social acceptability and necessity. The project investigated the beginnings of iron smelting in the area of the Przeworsk culture (Poland) based on the hypothesis that the earliest stages of local and regional iron production coincide with the emergence of the Przeworsk culture within the 2nd century BC.
The Teltow, a ground moraine south of Berlin, is one of the pioneering regions in early iron smelting in central Europe. Evidence shows that iron has been produced and processed in this region since the fourth century BC (LT B1). Furthermore, there are initial indications that iron smelting technology was introduced as early as the fifth century BC (Ha D/LT A).
The use of raw materials reveals clear connections between the knowledge of space and technological knowledge. An excellent example of this is the use of iron ore; iron extraction and processing requires not only knowledge of the location of concrete iron ore deposits, but also reliable knowledge of the complex smelting process. AT A GLANCE […]