Ontology of Immaterial Causes (D-4-1)

Research project

Descriptions of heavenly realms and celestial topography can be traced back to the cultural milieu of Second Temple Judaism, which may have been influenced by Platonic and Neo-Platonic concepts. Cosmographic and cosmological ideas were further attested during Late Antiquity in Old and New Testament apocryphal writings and parabiblical compositions, such as the Book of the Secrets of Enoch (or 2 Enoch), Apocalypse of Abraham, Ascension of Isaiah, Third Baruch, Apocalypse of Paul, Apocalypse of the Virgin Mary, etc.), which survive in Slavonic recensions transmitted in the Byzantine Commonwealth. In some cases the Slavonic texts are the only surviving witnesses to the Semitic originals; otherwise they represent faithful reproductions of Greek (Byzantine) redactions.

Epistemology of Immaterial Causes (D-4-2)

Research project

Being a part of the work of research group (D-4) into the causal relationship between the incorporeal, immaterial or spiritual world, the project worked on final causality in nature and the spiritual entities, which generally speaking were able to guarantee the natural laws.

Philosophical Poetry of Immaterial Causes (D-4-3)

Research project

As part of the research group’s inquiry into the forms of causal relationships between the incorporeal, immaterial, or spiritual realm and the physical world, the project concentrated on the capacity of language, in particular poetic language, to refer to and represent entities that do not seem to be circumscribed by space.

Immaterial Causes and Physical Space (D-4)

Research Group

The research group dealt with several forms of causal relationships between the incorporeal, immaterial, or spiritual realm and the physical world in classical antiquity and in late ancient writers, including both pagans and Christians. AT A GLANCE 28 Researchers 4 Research Projects 2 Dissertation Projects 36 Publications 9 Events 14 Cooperating partners Research concentrated on […]

Causal reasoning (D-1-2)

Research project

This project investigated how natural phenomena in different realms of nature (celestial, medical, terrestrial) were interpreted as signs, and how the notion of natural sign changed in Babylonia and Greece, as evidenced by innovations in various textual corpora including Babylonian astronomical diaries, predictive astronomical methods (e.g. the Babylonian Goal-Year method and mathematical astronomy) and contemporaneous developments in astrology, other fields of divination and medicine. The main aims of the project were A: To establish a methodology of signs and its connection to modern concepts of causal reasoning; B: To map how theories underlying the interpretation of signs were actually used in various fields of reasoning.