Eine der Grundaufgaben der Architektur ist Bauten Stabilität und Dauerhaftigkeit zu verleihen. Architekten und Handwerker haben in den verschiedenen Regionen und Kulturen unterschiedliche Wege eingeschlagen, sich dieser Aufgabe zu stellen. Im Bereich der antiken Repräsentationsarchitektur wurden komplexe tektonische Gefüge entworfen und ausgeführt. Im Forschungsprojekt “Natural Hazards“ wurde sich vertieft mit den präventiven Maßnahmen und Reaktionen auf Naturgewalten auseinandergesetzt. Der Fokus lag dabei auf der Untersuchung der Zerstörungen durch Erdbeben und der erdbebenpräventiven Maßnahmen.
Cultural landscapes predominate the earth surface. Terraced landscapes are a prominent example for long existing agriculturally used landscapes. Due to their ages with first known implementation during Bronze Age, their high stability and their wide distribution across the Mediterranean terraces were in the focus of this research.
The Prytaneion of the 1st century BC to the 3rd century AD – Study of the Symbolical Center of the Polis Under Roman Rule (C-6-8-3)Dissertation
This Ph.D. project investigates the continuity of Greek polis institutions during the Roman imperial period and investigates how the political „trappings“ of Greek cities developed under Roman rule. The study focuses on the prytaneion as a building type and the prytanis as an institution which had a special significance in the context of the polis as symbolic center of the city.
The project used 3-D-scans of preserved water clocks to measure and to analyse these genuine testimonies of ancient technology in detail with reference to their development and their functionality in a previously unique way.
This project initially aimed at investigating water management of ancient cities in Sicily, adopting an interdisciplinary, diachronic, and comparative approach. Because of the limited time span of this project (2014-2017), focus was, first, quickly restricted on the water management of bathing facilities and, second, slightly shifted to include regions outside Sicily.
Islands have a distinct “sense of place”: studies of present-day island communities indicate that their perceived physical containment, which is felt particularly on small islands, results in strong place identification or in an “island identity”. As an archaeologist, Helen Dawson is interested in finding evidence for such place-identification in the past. The smaller islands surrounding Sicily, with their rich archaeological record, provided ideal case studies to test these ideas – from their initial colonisation during the Neolithic to their becoming integrated in wider trading and inter-cultural networks during the Bronze Age (ca. 5500-900 BCE).
The project focused on a topo-chronological reassessment of iron smelting on Elba in Antiquity and the environmental impacts of ancient metallurgy on the island.
This research project examined and evaluated the foundations and regulations of Roman law concerning water usage and distribution. The legal regulatory options were investigated and compared based on an analysis of juridical, gromatical and literary sources.
This research project investigates the emergence of hydromechanics in the context of water management systems from antiquity to the Middle Ages.
The research objective of A-3-1was the investigation of ancient or historical water management. Water management turned out to be a very fruitful object in the sense of a “bridge topic” between environmental, archeological and social sciences, which is also high on recent political agendas and in academia. The primary goal of the project was to evaluate “water management” in its different applications and understandings at various time- and spatial scales. The junior research group “Water Management” was anchored in this research project. The work was carried out in close cooperation with Areas A-D.