With the introduction of significant amounts of heavy livestock (among other innovations) into the western Eurasian Steppe in the period of the Eneolithic/Early Bronze Age an increase of mobility is disputed within the scientific community. The project addresses this question from an osteoarchaeological point of view.
Tracing the change: A multiscalar look at dwelling and building practices in the prehistoric Kopet Dag (A-2-2-1)Dissertation
This project deals with temporality of archaeological evidence from the Neolithic and Aeneolithic settlement Monjukli Depe and other sites in the Kopet Dag region (southern Turkmenistan) with a main focus on changes in prehistoric building and living practices.
Taking as its starting point excavated and well documented burial mounds (large-scale kurgans), this project explored the phenomenon of monumentality in the tombs of the Eurasian Steppes, as well as the tombs’ cultural, social and spatial impact. This phenomenon is examined from a broader, interregional perspective, taking into account the greatest possible number of noteworthy and researchable burial mounds from below the Danube up to the Yenisei.
The cultures of the ancient world – in the Mediterranean and Black Sea regions, on the Eurasian Steppes and in the Near East – were trans-regionally linked. Indeed, the extent to which the ancient world was multicultural, multilingual and interdependent invites discussion of a globalized antiquity. This project investigated the globalization of the ancient world in its various dimensions, from technological and political to linguistic, with particular emphasis on the question what role knowledge played in this globalization process.
This project will employ a multidisciplinary approach in recording, modeling and assessing climatic and ecological changes in the region north of the Black Sea. This will involve investigating to what extent natural environmental changes are connected with the shift from mobile herding to sedentary culture in regional societies.
Forms of pastoralism are at the heart of one project researching the Eurasian steppe and forest-steppe zone. Two projects investigated the remains of pastoralists in the 4th/3rd millennium BCE north of the Black Sea and of the 1st millennium BCE in the steppe north of the Caucasus.