This project deals with temporality of archaeological evidence from the Neolithic and Aeneolithic settlement Monjukli Depe and other sites in the Kopet Dag region (southern Turkmenistan) with a main focus on changes in prehistoric building and living practices.
The Landscape Organization and Spatial Strategies in the Hinterland of Petra in Nabataean-Roman Times (A-1-2-1)Dissertation
The dissertation project researches singular aspects and overall strategies of spatial organization in and around Petra, Jordan. The chronological frame ranges from the Iron Age until Late Antiquity. However, the main focus lies within Nabataean-Roman times.
This project developed an understanding of the Late-Holocene estuarine landscape changes of different small scale environments close to the Guadiana river mouth. The research was associated to the excavation of a Phoenician settlement in the modern city of Ayamonte conducted by the German Archaeological Institute (DAI). The major goal was to gain information about the relations between the colonizing Phoenician society and its environment.
Islands have a distinct “sense of place”: studies of present-day island communities indicate that their perceived physical containment, which is felt particularly on small islands, results in strong place identification or in an “island identity”. As an archaeologist, Helen Dawson is interested in finding evidence for such place-identification in the past. The smaller islands surrounding Sicily, with their rich archaeological record, provided ideal case studies to test these ideas – from their initial colonisation during the Neolithic to their becoming integrated in wider trading and inter-cultural networks during the Bronze Age (ca. 5500-900 BCE).
The research of this dissertation was focused on the analysis of organic residues in ancient pottery vessels whose fragments derive from several prehistoric settlements in the Dnepr region of the Ukraine and date from the 4th to the 3rd Mill. B.C.
Within the dissertation I will investigate anthropogenic landscape changes that arose due to grazing pressure in selected semi-arid to humid natural environments between the Near East and Northwestern Europe from 7000 to 4000 BP. By combining a landscape sensitivity analysis with an extensive literature research on dated sediments, vegetation cover, climate variability and human activity I will examine the hypothesis that degradation processes resulting from agriculture had such a strong impact on the ecological balance of the landscape that they led to intensified erosion processes.
In this project a complex experimental framework consisting of climate and ecological models at different temporal and spatial resolution and proxy reconstructions has been developed. The main goal of the research was to reconstruct climatic and ecological conditions during the mid-to-late Holocene, from 7000 years ago to present days. The work covered different areas, from the global to the local scale, with a main focus on Europe.
This research project focuses on reconstructing the formation of the landscape in the vicinity of the ancient city of Ayamonte, Andalusia. It deals with the development of arable land for settlement and with local ecological preconditions.
This research project was a follow-up project of the dissertation (A-4-3-1) Mid-Holocene landscape development in the Carpathian region. The project was intended to develop a synthesis of the environmental conditions in the regions of early wool economies. The results acquired so far within the Topoi research group (A-4-) The Textile Revolution were integrated and evaluated from a geoscientific perspective.
The Forum — Spatial Data Analysis was an inter-area research group that dealed with the documentation and analysis of spatial data gathered from documentation, landscape analyses and reconstructions. Besides the work of data collection in archaeology and cultural heritage in connection with investigations of geo-physics, geo-sciences, and remote sensing, the forum also fostered the extension […]