Erdbeben im Kontext antiker Architektur (Plus-16)

Research project

Eine der Grundaufgaben der Architektur ist Bauten Stabilität und Dauerhaftigkeit zu verleihen. Architekten und Handwerker haben in den verschiedenen Regionen und Kulturen unterschiedliche Wege eingeschlagen, sich dieser Aufgabe zu stellen. Im Bereich der antiken Repräsentationsarchitektur wurden komplexe tektonische Gefüge entworfen und ausgeführt. Im Forschungsprojekt “Natural Hazards“ wurde sich vertieft mit den präventiven Maßnahmen und Reaktionen auf Naturgewalten auseinandergesetzt. Der Fokus lag dabei auf der Untersuchung der Zerstörungen durch Erdbeben und der erdbebenpräventiven Maßnahmen.

Natural Hazards (Plus-15)

Research project

Ausgehend von der örtlichen Situation in der Ruine Resafa ist schon früh deutlich geworden, dass die am Gebäudebestand ablesbaren Erdbebenschäden einer gesonderten Betrachtung bedürfen. Da in der imposanten Ruine nur sehr wenige Inschriften zu fassen sind, stellte sich die Frage, ob die relativ-chronologisch ablesbare Abfolge von Erdbebenschäden und Instandsetzungsmaßnahmen in Beziehung gesetzt werden können zu datierten Erdbeben der Region. Hierzu gab es immer wieder vereinzelte Aussagen in der Literatur, bislang fehlt jedoch eine systematische Auseinandersetzung.

Bell sound and public space in the Middle Ages (C-6-7)

Research project

In the medieval city in Central Europe the public and public cultures were not only shaped by institutionalized competences, but by multimedia signs, signals, and their perception. The main topic of this project was the interference of acoustic spheres – as they are created by noise, music and bells sounds – and the constitution of spatial structure and significance (juridical, social, transcendental) in the middle ages.

Roms "Größe" (B-2-1)

Research project

This project explored the question of what factors led to an imperial building project being judged as megalomaniacal or not. The research project then focused particularly on Imperial Rome and builds on the Palatine Hill project (DAI).

Usage and demand of space (C-6-1)

Research project

The pragmatic arrangement of multivalent public space which continues to characterize present-day urban and architectural planning also was a major challenge for ancient cities. The aim of this research project was to examine the arrangement of public spaces concerning their use as multivalent spaces, referring to the example of Rome and selected Roman cities from the age of the middle republic to late antiquity.

Ruins and Space (C-3-4)

Research project

This project investigates the questions of whether and in what way the “making” of artificial ruins and their subsequent preservation and restoration, presentation and communication has changed over time. Because excavating is always destructive, and hence not all historical phases of a site can be preserved, decisions are made in the course of an excavation considering: which periods are the overriding concern of the excavation, which phases are to be preserved and documented (and how thoroughly). Decisions about the presentation of the site and which aspects of a site are to be given prominence and in what form involve discussions about reconstruction. By reflecting on decisions and developments at archaeological sites from the end of the 19th century until today, the project aims to create a heightened awareness of the importance of archaeological site management in the German research community.

Simitthus, Tunisia (A-1-4)

Research project

The influences of extensiv raw material extraction, the processing of the workpieces and their distribution in Mediterranean world as well as the influences of the local landscape and city development of Simitthus (Tunisia) were major tasks of this research project. One focus was studying the use of the marmor Numidicum in different periods of time from the 2nd century BC until the 7th century AD to get a spectrum of utilization. The project was as well dealing with fundamental questions to trading and commerce, as to the quarries and agents in the marble business.