Contested space - Paul’s metaphors of dominion in Romans 5-8 (C-2-1-2)

Dissertation

The focus of this Ph.D. project is the concept of dominion with reference to the dominated and its space. The letter Apostel Paul wrote to the Romans in the first century AD is being approached with a historical critical method, i.e. every word is analysed with the methods of traditional historical philology, focusing on lexical units and looking at syntactical links. Also, the Metaphor Identification Procedure is applied.

The literary representation of Rome and its urban spaces in the two historiographical works of Tacitus (C-6-6-1)

Dissertation

The aim of this Ph.D. project is to elucidate the specific Tacitean representation of the urbs Roma in comparison to other literary representations and the material Rome of the Tacitean age which as part of a specific construction of past and memory reflects a subjective “Romerlebnis” that exemplifies important aspects of former values and norms.

In particular, the investigation focuses on how Tacitus perceives, presents, connotes and functionalizes the city, its urban spaces and topographies which among others implies questions about thematic, symbolic, characterizing or psychologizing functions that can be identified in the text.

 

The History of Christianisation in the Ancient Region of Cilicia (B-5-4-1)

Dissertation

This project investigates the history of early Christianity in the Kalykadnos valley and adjacent areas. To fulfill this task a cross-disciplinary approach has been chosen. A variety of sources – ranging from literary to epigraphic and archaeological material – is taken into account.

Oikonomia and Domestic Economy in Classical Greece (B-3-5-1)

Dissertation

There is a certain irony involved in the discussion of ancient Greek household economy. Although the very concept of ‘Hauswirtschaft’ sparked the debate on the nature of the Ancient economy at the end of the 19th century, this debate never ventured far in developing a theory of household economy. This may be no accident. Despite all the polarization, so called ‘modernists’ and ‘primitivists’ shared a common notion of household economy (or ‘domestic economy’). It was supposed to be an archaic form of economic organization, aiming at autarky and self-sufficiency.

This Ph. D.-thesis follows a different lead. In classical times (ca. 450 – 300 B. C. E.) the Greek household economy adapted to the monetized markets of its urban environment. Not only that: the household was never surpassed as the most efficient form of economic organization.

Ausdrücke des Raumes und der Zeit in übersetzungsnubischen Bibeltexten (C-1-X-4)

Dissertation

This Ph.D. project aims at gaining new insight into medieval-Christian Nubia by focusing on its literary tradition. At its centre are expressions of spatial and temporal perspectivation in Old Nubian biblical texts, especially postpositional expressions which are equivalent to prepositions in e.g. Indo-Germanic languages.

 

Grenzorganisation und Grenzpolitik in der spätrömischen Kyrenaika (B-1-3-1)

Dissertation

The organizational arrangement of the borders on the periphery of the Roman empire played a central role in Roman defensive strategy. One of the most important organizational innovations of the Late Roman Period was the establishment of frontiers, which were usually entrusted to a military functionary bearing the title of dux limitis. The goal of this doctoral project is to investigate the organizational structures of a Late Roman ducatus in the region of Cyrenaica (present-day eastern Libya), structures which were largely shaped by military requirements.

Epistemology of Immaterial Causes (D-4-2)

Research project

Das Projekt untersucht die Epistemologie immaterieller Ursachen in zwei Teilprojekten: Das erste Teilprojekt untersucht die platonische Physik und den Zusammenhang zwischen Theorie und sinnlich Wahrnehmbarem in der späteren Kommentartradition (Gyburg Uhlmann). Das zweite Teilprojekt betrachtet, die Aufnahme und Transformation antiker Konzepte und Theorien durch die Naturphilosophie des 12.-15. Jahrhunderts (Bernd Roling).

Grounded in space? (C-2-2)

Research project

The goal of this project is to conduct a detailed empirical study of Egyptian textual material in order to investigate what has been described as the cognitive foundations of metaphor usage. In particular, the group will focus on determining to what extent spatial expressions constitute a basal element of metaphorical speaking, and hence whether they represent the fundamental and historically primary constituents of metaphorical thinking.