Within this project the varieties of aetiological genres, modes and media will be systematically explored and described. The aim is to understand and chart the typical functions of aetiologies in their respective historical contexts and explaining them with reference to the diverse ancient and pre-modern civilizations in which they occur.
Mapping the Soul in the Instrumental Body: Galen on the Functions of the Parts of the Human Body (PLUS-7)Additional project
The project intends to provide a comprehensive interpretation of Galen´s De usu partium, with a detailed discussion of the exegetic problems that present themselves on close reading.
How can I be certain about something? This project investigates the ideal of epistemic stability in medieval philosophical and theological debates.
Aristotle is one of the first philosophers who attribute special significance to the most basic part of the soul, namely, the nutritive part. The importance of this psychic part stems not only from the fact that it is possessed by all living things and constitutes a necessary prerequisite for the existence of the soul’s other parts, but also from the fact that it is responsible for the manifestation of a variety of vital functions, such as generation, nutrition, growth and cooling of the living body.
This dissertation deals with diagrams in ancient Greek scientific texts, in particular in Aristotle’s logical and natural scientific writings. Because diagrams accompanying ancient texts are generally only found in hand-written texts from the Middle Ages, the question arises as to the existence and the original appearances of antique diagrams. This question can be investigated from explicit and implicit references in the ancient texts, which also give clues as to the various ways in which diagrams were used.
The project investigates the late medieval tradition of nominalism, and more especially at Ockham and his opponents or followers from the fourteenth century (Chatton, Wodeham, Buridan).
The field of ‘memory studies’ has seen a boom in recent years, however, historians of ancient philosophy and medicine have undervalued the study of memory in ancient medical texts.
This project aimed at creating a historical-critical edition of the first two books of the work “On The Affected Parts” by Galen of Pergamon. Alongside suitable consideration of all manuscripts, the text thus constituted was also developed with comments and a German translation.
The aim of the dissertation is to restore the Greek text of the “Commentary on Aristotle’s Analytics”.
Within this dissertation project Oliver Janitza has worked out formal systems for Aristotle’s theories of time, of three-dimensionally extended bodies, and of change. These theories are formal versions of Aristotle’s theories as presented in the Physics.
This Ph.D. thesis was successfully completed in 2016.