Cosmos and Earth. Ancient and Modern Maps
The Topoi researchers in one group of the Topoi 1 research area “The Processing of Space” (E/Transformations/Topoi 1) investigated the knowledge required for the production of maps as well as the possible impact of maps on the concepts of space present in a culture. Historical maps produced by different cultures are surveyed and classified. Particular focus in the research was placed on the relation between astronomical knowledge, cosmological theories and geographical knowledge in ancient times. In Topoi, electronic tools are being developed to facilitate exact calculation of historical astronomical phenomena and constellations mentioned in ancient texts, to convert data on the duration of the longest day of a given year into geographical latitude, and more.